Can functional foods help reduce inflammation in the body?

This article will discuss the importance of functional food in decreasing inflammation. In my role as a nutritionist and dietician, I'm often asked what potential benefits certain foods have beyond nutrition. This includes their ability to fight inflammatory processes. It is important to research this area, given that inflammation can lead to a number of chronic diseases. Can functional foods reduce inflammation? We'll delve into the topic.

Why Functional Foods are Important in the Reduction of Inflammation

Functional foods include fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, fermented foods containing probiotics as well as foods with potential positive health effects beyond the basic nutritional needs. Fruits and vegetables, grains and lean protein, as well as fermented food containing probiotics, are all examples of functional foods. They are not only rich in essential nutrients, but also help reduce inflammation.

Inflammation occurs when the immune system responds to an injury or infection. Chronic inflammation, or an inflammatory response that continues over a long period of time, can lead to various diseases, including heart disease, arthritis, and diabetes. Managing inflammation is therefore crucial to maintaining good health.

A study in the British Journal of Nutrition found that a diet high in fruit and vegetables, which are key sources of antioxidants in food, can reduce inflammation markers in the body. A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition also found that eating whole grains could reduce inflammation.

Get Started with Functional Foods: How to Add them to Your Diet

It is easy and advantageous to start incorporating more functional food into your diet. First, increase the amount of fruit and vegetable you consume. At least five portions per day are recommended, with an emphasis on brightly colored produce that is high in anti-inflammatory substances.

Also, whole grains like quinoa, brown rice and oats are essential. These grains not only contain fiber to aid digestion, but they also have antioxidants which help reduce inflammation.

Omega-3 fatty acid-rich foods include lean protein, such as salmon, mackerel and sardines. These nutrients have been shown to reduce inflammation in numerous studies .

Some examples of functional foods that help reduce inflammation

Reduce Inflammation with These Additional Tips

It's also important to lead a healthy life. For managing inflammation, regular physical activity, sufficient sleep and stress management is essential. Avoid smoking and alcohol as they can both increase inflammation.


Functional foods are important in decreasing inflammation. Combining a healthy diet with these functional foods can help you maintain good health, and prevent chronic diseases that are associated with inflammation. It's always best to speak to a health care provider or nutritionist before you make any major changes to your eating habits.